By 1917, soldiers and loved ones had begun to lose faith in the ongoing war. Those on the Western Front were living in cold, wet trenches, and those at home were doing what they could to keep the home fires burning. New Zealand would experience the deadliest day in its military history when 845 lives were lost in the Belgian town of Passchendaele.
This sheet features the 6 x $1.00 stamps, the 2 x $2.20 stamps and the 2 x $2.70 stamps, all ten stamps of the Darkest Hour Issue.
All ten stamps on a First Day Cover.
$1.00 - A mother mourns – Ellen Knight.
Ellen Knight from Dannevirke, who lost three of her sons during the First World War - A mother mourns.
$1.00 - From Egypt to Jerusalem.
From the Battle of Rafah, Egypt to the Battle of Jerusalem, via Beersheba, Palestine, went Anzac forces led by Major-General Chaytor and Brigadier-General Meldrum.
$1.00 - Sling Camp.
Letter from Sling Camp, Salisbury Plain to Hastings, New Zealand 23 Oct 1917 - 20 Dec 1917.
$1.00 - Technology of war.
Tank warfare at the Battle of Messines, 1917 - Technology of War.
$1.00 - Plastic surgery.
Dr Harold Gillies, pioneer of facial plastic surgery, in The Queen's Hospital, Kent, 1917.
$1.00 - Passchendaele.
Passchendaele, 12 October 1917, where 845 Anzac troops were killed, many of them buried at Tyne Cot Cemetery.
$2.20 - The Battle of Messines.
General Godley and soldiers of 2nd Infantry Brigade after the Battle of Messines Ridge, Belgium.
$2.20 - Social change at home.
"Six o'clock Closing , Is it Justified On Military Grounds? Business Men's Resolution Request To Defer Action." - Social change at home.
$2.70 - SS Port Kembla.
Australian Supply Ship SS Port Kembla, a merchant ship carrying war supplies, which was sunk by a German mine in New Zealand waters in September 1917.
$2.70 - A changing workforce.
To replace the 60,000 Kiwi men who had left New Zealand, many women entered the workplace: here, during a military service ballot, are women in the Census and Statistics Office Military Service Section in Routh's Building, Wellington.
The Miniature Sheets.
The set of two miniature sheets in the issue feature letters from members of the Knight family written during the war – Ellen and her sons would write back and forth constantly in a bid to stay connected. The miniature sheet with four stamps features a newspaper clipping reporting on the Battle of Messines, and the miniature sheet with six stamps features a newspaper clipping reporting on Passchendaele.
Above; - Miniature sheet of the four higher values.
Below: - The higher value sheeting on a First Day Cover.
Above; - Miniature sheet of the six lower values.
Below: - The lower value sheeting on a First Day Cover.
The story of Ellen Knight and New Zealand’s role in the First World War throughout 1917 is told in greater detail in the commemorative book. The book is the fourth in a series of five and expands in depth on the story behind each stamp in this issue as well as supplying a more detailed glimpse of life during 1917.
Information & images for this post came from.